The Hague Convention

 The Hague Convention Dissertation

Convention pertaining to the Protection of Social Property in the Event of Armed Turmoil with Regulations for the Execution of the Convention 1954

The Hague, 14 May possibly 1954

- First Protocol, The Hague, 14 Might 1954

-- Second Protocol, The Hague, 26 Mar 1999

The High Contracting Parties, В

RecognizingВ that cultural property has suffered grave destruction during new armed clashes and that, by reason of the developments inside the technique of warfare, it is in raising danger of destruction; В

Being convincedВ that damage to cultural property belonging to any people whatsoever means damage to the cultural history of all mankind, since every people makes its contribution to the culture of the world; В

ConsideringВ that the preservation of the cultural traditions is of great importance for any peoples on the planet and that it is important that this historical past should receive intercontinental protection; В

GuidedВ by the principles concerning the security of cultural property during armed issue, as set up in the Exhibitions of The Hague of 1899 and of 1907 and in the Washington Pact of 12-15 April, 1935; В

Getting of the opinionВ that such safety cannot be powerful unless both national and international procedures have been taken to organize that in time of peace; В

Being determinedВ to take every possible steps to protect ethnical property; В

Have decided the following conditions: В

Part I. Basic provisions concerning protectionВ

Document 1 . Meaning of cultural propertyВ

For the purposes from the present Conference, the term `cultural property' shall cover, irrespective of origin or perhaps ownership: В

(a) movable or immovable property of big importance towards the cultural traditions of every persons, such as typical monuments of structure, art or perhaps history, whether religious or secular; archaeological sites; groups of buildings which will, as a whole, are of traditional or creative interest; art works; manuscripts, literature and other things of creative, historical or perhaps archaeological curiosity; as well as scientific collections and important series of catalogs or records or of reproductions of the property defined above; В

(b) properties whose main and successful purpose is always to preserve or perhaps exhibit the movable ethnical property identified in sub-paragraph (a) including museums, huge libraries and depositories of archives, and refuges intended to shelter, in case of armed turmoil, the portable cultural property defined in sub-paragraph (a); В

(c) centers containing a large amount of social property while defined in sub-paragraphs (a) and (b), to be referred to as `centers containing monuments'. В

Article 2 . Protection of cultural propertyВ

For the purposes with the present Tradition, the security of ethnical property shall comprise the safeguarding of and respect for these kinds of property. В

Article a few. Safeguarding of cultural propertyВ

The Substantial Contracting Get-togethers undertake to organize in time of peace for the protecting of ethnical property positioned within their very own territory against the foreseeable associated with an provided conflict, through such actions as they consider appropriate. В

Article 4. Respect intended for cultural propertyВ

1 . The High Contracting Parties undertake to respect cultural property situated inside their own terrain as well as within the territory of other Substantial Contracting Celebrations by staying away from any kind of use of the exact property and its immediate surroundings or perhaps of the kitchen appliances in use due to its protection intended for purposes which can be likely to expose it to break down or damage in the event of provided conflict; and by refraining from any act of hostility, directed against such real estate. В

2 . The requirements mentioned in paragraph 1 of the present Document may be waived only in cases where military requirement imperatively requires such a waiver. В

3. The High Contracting Parties further more undertake to prohibit, stop and, if possible, put a stop to virtually any form of theft, pillage or perhaps misappropriation of, and any kind of acts of...