Business design Innovation
Strength Policy twenty four (2012) 687–697
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An integrated construction for non-urban electriﬁcation: Implementing a user-centric approach to business model development Sue J. M. Schillebeeckx, Priti Parikh, Rahul Bansal, Gerard George d Business University, Imperial College or university London, To the south Kensington Campus, London SW7 2AZ, UK
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Review of 2 decades of non-urban electriﬁcation analysis. Content research of 232 scholarly articles or blog posts. Literature can be categorized into four key lenses: technology, institutional, stability and user-centric. We create a business model framework for country electriﬁcation tactics.
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Document history: Received 8 03 2012 Approved 30 May 2012 Available online 22 June 2012 Keywords: Rural electriﬁcation Business model Consumer
Countryside electriﬁcation (RE) has received prominence in the last two decades since an effective opportinity for improving living conditions. This progress has largely been powered by socio-economic and political imperatives to boost rural sustenance and by technology. Based on a content analysis of 232 scholarly content articles, the literary works is grouped into 4 focal lenses: technology, institutional, viability and user-centric. We all ﬁnd that the ﬁrst two dominate the RE debate. The stability lens has been used less frequently, even though the user-centric lens started to engage scholars as later as 3 years ago. We provide a summary of the technical, institutional and viability lenses, and intricate upon the user-centric zoom lens in higher detail. For energy plan and practice, we combine the four lenses to formulate a business unit framework that policy makers, practitioners and investors can use to assess LSO ARE projects or to design foreseeable future rural electriﬁcation strategies. & 2012 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
1 . Advantages Rural electriﬁcation (RE) – the creation of electrical energy services in rural areas – has grown rapidly in the last two decades, both equally as a practice and as a ﬁeld of educational research. Creating a better understanding of why LSO ARE projects will be successful is important because electriﬁcation improves interpersonal, environmental and economic guidelines of country livelihood (World Bank, 2008c). For example , non-urban electriﬁcation can be instrumental in achieving the Millennium Development Desired goals (Modi ain al., 2006; Mustonen, 2010). Experience shows that on the sociable level, RE positively effects: (a) the quality of lighting (World Bank, 2008c), (b) well being by decreasing indoor experience of particulate subject (Howells ain al., 2005) and by extending clinic hours and strengthening the cold chain (ADB, 2010; Universe Bank, 2008c), (c) education outcomes, thanks to extended several hours for research (ADB, 2010), (d) connection to the outside the house world by way of increased access to
Matching author. Tel.: þ44 twenty 7594 1876. E-mail addresses: g. [email protected] ac. uk (G. George).
television, car radio and mobiles (Deichmann et al., 2011; Yadoo ou al., 2011) and even (e) social position (Chaieb and Ounalli, 2001). In terms of their effects within the environment, RE's effect on deforestation – through wood while fuel for cooking – is competitive (Balachandra, 2011; Lachman, 2011). However , the surge of renewable energy systems (RETs) since valuable alternatives for conventional fossil fuel solutions decreases carbon emissions (Kaufman ainsi que al., 1999), making an overall positive impact for the environment more probable. Despite RE's beneﬁcial social and environmental impact, the economic circumstance remains to some extent uncertain. Deichman and co-workers state that the connection between rural electriﬁcation and native revenue expansion remains ‘‘largely anecdotal'' (2011), which suggests that speciﬁc programs to promote productive uses should be incorporated in RE task design to stimulate monetary growth (World Bank, 2008c). RE's impact on poverty pain relief is dubious as...
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