Business design Innovation

 Business Model Development Essay

Strength Policy twenty four (2012) 687–697

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Strength Policy

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An integrated construction for non-urban electrification: Implementing a user-centric approach to business model development Sue J. M. Schillebeeckx, Priti Parikh, Rahul Bansal, Gerard George d Business University, Imperial College or university London, To the south Kensington Campus, London SW7 2AZ, UK

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Review of 2 decades of non-urban electrification analysis. Content research of 232 scholarly articles or blog posts. Literature can be categorized into four key lenses: technology, institutional, stability and user-centric. We create a business model framework for country electrification tactics.

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Document history: Received 8 03 2012 Approved 30 May 2012 Available online 22 June 2012 Keywords: Rural electrification Business model Consumer

abstract

Countryside electrification (RE) has received prominence in the last two decades since an effective opportinity for improving living conditions. This progress has largely been powered by socio-economic and political imperatives to boost rural sustenance and by technology. Based on a content analysis of 232 scholarly content articles, the literary works is grouped into 4 focal lenses: technology, institutional, viability and user-centric. We all find that the first two dominate the RE debate. The stability lens has been used less frequently, even though the user-centric lens started to engage scholars as later as 3 years ago. We provide a summary of the technical, institutional and viability lenses, and intricate upon the user-centric zoom lens in higher detail. For energy plan and practice, we combine the four lenses to formulate a business unit framework that policy makers, practitioners and investors can use to assess LSO ARE projects or to design foreseeable future rural electrification strategies. & 2012 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

1 . Advantages Rural electrification (RE) – the creation of electrical energy services in rural areas – has grown rapidly in the last two decades, both equally as a practice and as a field of educational research. Creating a better understanding of why LSO ARE projects will be successful is important because electrification improves interpersonal, environmental and economic guidelines of country livelihood (World Bank, 2008c). For example , non-urban electrification can be instrumental in achieving the Millennium Development Desired goals (Modi ain al., 2006; Mustonen, 2010). Experience shows that on the sociable level, RE positively effects: (a) the quality of lighting (World Bank, 2008c), (b) well being by decreasing indoor experience of particulate subject (Howells ain al., 2005) and by extending clinic hours and strengthening the cold chain (ADB, 2010; Universe Bank, 2008c), (c) education outcomes, thanks to extended several hours for research (ADB, 2010), (d) connection to the outside the house world by way of increased access to

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television, car radio and mobiles (Deichmann et al., 2011; Yadoo ou al., 2011) and even (e) social position (Chaieb and Ounalli, 2001). In terms of their effects within the environment, RE's effect on deforestation – through wood while fuel for cooking – is competitive (Balachandra, 2011; Lachman, 2011). However , the surge of renewable energy systems (RETs) since valuable alternatives for conventional fossil fuel solutions decreases carbon emissions (Kaufman ainsi que al., 1999), making an overall positive impact for the environment more probable. Despite RE's beneficial social and environmental impact, the economic circumstance remains to some extent uncertain. Deichman and co-workers state that the connection between rural electrification and native revenue expansion remains ‘‘largely anecdotal'' (2011), which suggests that specific programs to promote productive uses should be incorporated in RE task design to stimulate monetary growth (World Bank, 2008c). RE's impact on poverty pain relief is dubious as...

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